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Science

Decades-Long Physics Mystery Elucidated with Titan
1 year ago

Decades-Long Physics Mystery Elucidated with Titan

By  •  1 year ago  •  Science

The same fusion reactions that power the sun also occur inside a tokamak, a device that uses magnetic fields to confine and control plasmas of 100-plus million degrees. Under extreme …
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Sodium Shakedown in Dopamine Research
1 year ago

Sodium Shakedown in Dopamine Research

By  •  1 year ago  •  Science

The chemical neurotransmitter dopamine is critical to sending and receiving signals in the nervous system linked to motor movements, learning, and habit formation, which is why many therapies for drug …
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Titan Helps Researchers Suck Mystery Out of Cell’s ‘Vacuum Cleaners’
1 year ago

Titan Helps Researchers Suck Mystery Out of Cell’s ‘Vacuum Cleaners’

By  •  1 year ago  •  Science

In the fight against cancer, cancer cells often find ways to fight back. One means is by stocking the cell membrane with proteins that pump foreign substances—including anticancer drugs—out of …
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ALCC Program Awards 1 Billion Hours on OLCF Resources
1 year ago

ALCC Program Awards 1 Billion Hours on OLCF Resources

By  •  1 year ago  •  Science

Each year, projects at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF)—a US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science User Facility located at DOE’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)—are awarded …
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Galactic Winds Push Researchers to Probe Galaxies at Unprecedented Scale
1 year ago

Galactic Winds Push Researchers to Probe Galaxies at Unprecedented Scale

By  •  1 year ago  •  Science

When astronomers peer into the universe, what they see often exceeds the limits of human understanding. Such is the case with low-mass galaxies—galaxies a fraction of the size of …
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Titan Simulations Show Importance of Close 2-way Coupling Between Human and Earth Systems
1 year ago

Titan Simulations Show Importance of Close 2-way Coupling Between Human and Earth Systems

By  •  1 year ago  •  Science

A new integrated computational climate model developed to reduce uncertainties in future climate predictions marks the first successful attempt to bridge Earth systems with energy and economic models and …
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3-D Models Help Scientists Gauge Flood Impact
1 year ago

3-D Models Help Scientists Gauge Flood Impact

By  •  1 year ago  •  Science

Heavy rainfall can cause rivers and drainage systems to overflow or dams to break, leading to flood events that bring damage to property and road systems as well potential loss …
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How Hot Is Too Hot in Fusion?
2 years ago

How Hot Is Too Hot in Fusion?

By  •  2 years ago  •  Science

Fusion, the energy that powers the stars, might one day provide abundant energy here on Earth.

In a nuclear fusion reactor, the hot, charged gas known as plasma reaches out …
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Putting the Pedal to the Metal in the Hunt for Alloys
2 years ago

Putting the Pedal to the Metal in the Hunt for Alloys

By  •  2 years ago  •  Science

High-temperature alloys, often used in power plants and automobile engines, are valued in engineering because they can withstand temperatures that are a high fraction of their melting point. Operating power …
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Researchers Seek Sigma Meson on the Path to Heavier Hadrons
2 years ago

Researchers Seek Sigma Meson on the Path to Heavier Hadrons

By  •  2 years ago  •  Science

Often, researchers aim for a distant horizon with respect to their research goals. When they get there, they plot their course for the next far-off landmark.

Throughout the 20th century, …
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Assembling Life’s Molecular Motor
2 years ago

Assembling Life’s Molecular Motor

By  •  2 years ago  •  Science

Despite the grand diversity among living organisms, the molecule used to store and transmit energy within aerobic, or oxygen-using, cells is remarkably the same. From bacteria to fungi, plants, and …
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Predictive Power
2 years ago

Predictive Power

By  •  2 years ago  •  Science

Few jobs are more massive than that of building a nuclear power plant, a project that takes years and billions of dollars to complete. But once a new plant is …
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